As part of an IUCN-led project, this document outlines optimal solutions for a critical sites network that best represents freshwater biodiversity in the Lake Victoria Basin (LVB). Using this approach the authors provide a foundation for species conservation through site protection whilst also maximising species climate resilience and sustainable livelihoods. They employ: (1) an updated assessment of species threatened status (IUCN Red List status); (2)a preliminary network of freshwater Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs); (3) an assessment of species livelihoods values; and (4) an evaluation of species climate vulnerability to investigate options for a critical sites network that better represents freshwater biodiversity than the current protected areas networks. The systematic conservation planning software Marxan is employed to identify optimal site networks meeting a range of pre-set targets. This document highlights, within the LVB, potential networks of freshwater sites that best meet targets for the inclusion of threatened species, freshwater KBAs, climate vulnerable species and species of high value to livelihoods. The proposed site networks will form the basis of advice for protected areas managers in the LVB countries such that the current Protected Areas networks might be modified, expanded or managed to better represent the conservation needs of freshwater biodiversity.
Resolution of the African Great Lakes Conference, 2017
In May 2017, the African Great Lakes Conference: Conservation and Development in a Changing Climate was held in Entebbe, Uganda. This conference sought to increase coordination, strengthen capacity, inform policy with science, and promote basin-scale ecosystem management in the region. Because all of the African Great Lakes cross borders, the benefits they offer and the challenges they face are best managed at a basin-wide level.
Status of Two Native Lake Victoria Tilapiine Species: Oreochromis esculentus and O. variabilis (Graham 1929) in Satellite Lakes, Tanzania
Lake Victoria and its basin are comprised of enormous areas of permanent and seasonal small water bodies that have been singled out as important faunal reservoirs for the endangered and threatened native species of Lake Victoria. Two tilapiine fish Oreochromis esculentus and O. variabilis are endemic and were the most commercial species in the lake fishery in early 1900s. Pressure on the fisheries and introduction of new fish species caused a severe decline of these species from the lake.
The Geographical and Genomic Structure of Endemic Fish Diversity in the Lake Victoria Basin
Lake Victoria has one of the highest endemic fish species-area-relationships of any freshwater bodies in the world. More than 90% of this diversity is composed of haplochromine cichlids that have undergone an evolutionary radiation in the region into more than 700 endemic species in the past 100,000 years. These species belong to more than 20 different major ecological guilds from large benthic and small pelagic herbivores at one end of the consumer food web to inshore and pelagic fish predators at the other end.
The Importance of Monitoring the Great Lakes to Assess any Change in the Extent of Water-Related Ecosystems Over Time (Sustainable Development Goal Indicator 6.6.1)
Indicator 6.6.1 tracks changes over time in the extent of water-related ecosystems. It uses the imminent date of 2020 in order to align with the Aichi Targets of the Convention of Biodiversity, but will continue beyond that date to align with the rest of the SDG Targets set at 2030. Whereas all ecosystems depend on water, some ecosystems play a more prominent role in the provision of water-related services to society. Consequently, one of the focuses for global monitoring of this indicator is lakes.
AU-IBAR Strategic Plan 2014-2017
The Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR) is a specialized technical office of the Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture (DREA) of the African Union Commission (AUC). AU-IBAR 's mandate is to support and coordinate the utilization of livestock, fisheries and wildlife as resources for both human wellbeing and economic development in the Member States of the African Union (AU). Despite sustained efforts and commitment over many decades by AU-IBAR and others, the potential of animal resources in the fight against poverty and the development of Africa is still underutilized.
Regional Policy Coordination and Alignment in the Lake Victoria Basin
In 2015, UNEP-WCMC, CCAFS and ARCOS initiated a project focusing on cross-boundary impacts of agricultural development and other forms of land use on biodiversity and ecosystem services in the Lake Victoria Basin (LVB). The project aims to improve regional coordination and alignment of national-level land use-related policies and plans. To this end, a scenario-guided approach to policy development was adopted, building on the work of the CCAFS scenarios project.
Sustainable Finance Mechanisms for Basin Governance in IRWM
This document outlines recommendations for financing integrated water resource management (IWRM) in the African Great Lakes.
The Economics of Land Degradation in Africa
The price of land on the global market is often far below its real value to society. Thsi means that too much has been and is being extracted from the land, degrading it to a dangerous extent. Worldwide, 52 percent of land used for agriculture is moderately or severely affected by land and soil degradation, a widespread phenomenon occurring globally. Recent estimates show that ecosystem service losses from land degradation cost $6.3 to 10.6 trillion annually. Everyone on earth suffers indirectly, and for the 1.4 billion rural poor land degradation has a direct impact on livelihoods.
Conservation Strategy for the Great Lakes Region of East and Central Africa
The conservation strategy for the Great Lakes Region (GLR) aims to: